Citizens’ Rights

Citizens’ Rights

XX. Right to Education


Article 104

Citizens have the right to education. Primary education is compulsory and free. The Government will provide for free education up to the end of secondary school, and will expand free higher education to the extent needed and required in the country. The Government will provide for basic education for those lacking primary education.

Article 105

All professors and students shall have the right to take benefit of education and research privileges, including promotions. Granting facilities and academic support, such as sabbaticals and scholarships, shall be merely on the basis of academic capabilities and qualifications, irrespective of political and partisan inclinations and the like.

Article 106

Scientific, seminarian and university societies shall enjoy academic freedom and independence. Professors, seminary students and university students shall be free in expressing their opinions and they shall not be persecuted or interrogated or deprived of teaching or studying, merely for having or expressing an opinion in academic arenas. Professors and students shall have the right to establish and participate in professional, political, social, scientific and other societies.

Article 107

University must be a safe and secure space for professors and students. University authorities must endeavor stringently to ensure the security of students. Disciplinary violations of students shall be resolved with observance of due process of law; principles of fair trial; access to competent, independent and impartial authorities, the right of defense and the right to appeal, in the shortest time possible and without delay, in accordance with regulations.

Article 108

Children have the right to an education that results in the development of their personalities, talents and mental and physical potentials; and of respect for the child's parents, the rights of others, cultural identity, and religious and national values; and that prepares them for a moral and responsible life of understanding, peacefulness, tolerance and humanity, fairness, orderliness and discipline, and equality and friendliness amongst people, and respect for the environment and cultural heritage.

Article 109

Students have the right to have their personality and dignity respected. The views of children on issues pertaining to their life must be heard and considered.

Article 110

No one shall have the right to instill tribal, religious and political hatred in children’s mind, or create violence in respect of a special race or religion, by education or training or by mass media in children’s minds.

Article 111

Disabled persons must be given the opportunity and possibility to study and acquire skills appropriate to their capabilities. Disability must not lead to deprivation of the right to acquire knowledge and professional skills.   

References

Article 104: Article 3.3 of the Constitution; article 10 of the Law on Objectives and Duties of the Ministry of Education (1987); the Law of the Association of the Literacy Movement Organization of the Islamic Republic of Iran (2004).

Article 105: Article 19 of the Constitution; Cultural Engineering Map (2010, by the Supreme Council of Cultural Revolution); Strategy Document on Elites’ Affairs (2012, by the Supreme Council of Cultural Revolution).

Article 106: Articles 23 and 26 of the Constitution; Document of the State Comprehensive Scientific Map (2010, by the Supreme Council of Cultural Revolution); the Law on Objectives and Duties of the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology (2003).

Article 107: Articles 3.6-7, 23 and 35 of the Constitution; Law on Objectives, Duties, and Organizations of the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology (2004).

Article 108: Document on the Fundamental Revamping of Education (2011, by the Supreme Council of Cultural Revolution); Act on Accession of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the Convention on the Rights of the Child (1993).

Article 109: Parts 3-9 of the Cultural Engineering Map (2012, by the Supreme Council of Cultural Revolution); articles 12 and 29 of the Act on Accession of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the Convention on the Rights of the Child (1993).

Article 110: Article 6 of the Law of the Press (1985); article 8 of the General Policies and Principles of the Programs of the Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting Organization (1983; by the Supreme Council of Cultural Revolution); para C of the Act on Amendments to Objectives, Policies, Rules and Regulations for Publishing Books (2010).

Article 111: Articles 11, 20, and 29 of the Constitution; Comprehensive Act for Protection of the Rights of Disabled Persons; Act on Approval of Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities (2008).