Citizens’ Rights

Citizens’ Rights

X. Right of Association, Assembly and Demonstration


Article 43

Citizens have the right to form, join and participate in political parties, societies, social, cultural, scientific, political and trade associations and non-governmental organizations in compliance with the law. No one may be barred from participating therein, or be forced to participate in any. Membership or non-membership shall not cause deprivation or restriction of citizens’ rights or result in undue discrimination.

Article 44

Citizens have the right to have effective participation in policymaking, decision-making and implementation of laws within the framework of unions, associations and trade unions.

Article 45

Citizens have the right to civil activities in the areas of citizens’ rights. Non-governmental organizations must have the right to access information and the standing to make recourse to competent courts in case of violations of citizens’ rights.

Article 46

Citizens have the right to assembly and make demonstrations and to participate therein, freely and in compliance with the law, and to enjoy impartiality of the responsible bodies and protection and security for the assembly.

References

Article 43: Article 26 of the Constitution; Law on the Activities of Parties, Societies, and Political and Trade Associations, and Islamic Associations or Recognized Religious Minorities (1981).

Article 44: Articles 26 and 27 of the Constitution Act (2003, with its subsequent amendments); Non-Governmental Organizations Bylaws (2016).

Article 45: Articles 26 and 27 of the Constitution; Guilds System Act (2003, with its subsequent amendments); Non-Governmental Organizations Bylaws (2016); Law on Publication of and Free Access to Information (2009); article 66 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (2013).

Article 46: Article 27 of the Constitution; article 6 of the Law on the Activities of Parties, Societies, and Political and Trade Associations, and Islamic Associations or Recognized Religious Minorities (1981); Bylaws on the Manner of  Providing Security of Legal Gatherings and Demonstrations (2002).