Citizens’ Rights

Citizens’ Rights

VIII. Right of Access to Cyberspace

Article 33

Citizens have the right to freely and without discrimination enjoy access to and communicate and obtain information and knowledge from cyberspace. This right encompasses respect for cultural diversity, languages, traditions and religious beliefs and observance of ethical principles in cyberspace. Imposition of any type of restriction (such as filtering, interference, speed reduction and network interruption) without explicit legal authority is prohibited.

Article 34

Citizens have the right to enjoy the benefits of e-government and e-commerce, educational opportunities and user training, without discrimination.

Article 35

Citizens have the right to enjoy cyber security, security of communication technologies and informatics, and protection of their personal data and privacy.


Article 33: Articles 2.B, 3.1 and 24 of the Constitution; E-Commerce Law (2003); Computer Crimes Act (2009).

Article 34: Article 2.B of the Constitution; E-Commerce Act (2003); article 38 of the State Management of Civil Services Act (2007); Computer Crimes Act (2009); para 15 of the General Policies of the Administrative System (2010).

Article 35: The Supreme Leader’s Decree on the Establishment of the cyberspace High Council of and Appointment of its Natural and Legal Members (2011); articles 13 and 14 of the Law on Publication of and Free Access to Information (2009); article 1 of the Computer Crimes Act (2009).