Citizens’ Rights

Citizens’ Rights

VI. Freedom of Thought and Expression

Article 25 

Citizens have freedom of thought. Inquisition is prohibited, and no one can be persecuted merely for his or her beliefs.

Article 26

Every citizen has a right to freedom of speech and expression. This right shall be exercised within the limits prescribed by law. Citizens have the right to freely seek, receive and publish views and information pertaining to various issues, using any means of communication. The Government shall, according to the law, guarantee freedom of speech and expression, especially in the mass media, cyber space, including in newspapers, magazines, books, cinemas, radio and television, social networks and the likes.

Article 27

Citizens have the right to express their opinions, creativeness and emotions via various intellectual, literary and artistic means, in compliance with the law and the rights of others.

Article 28

Citizens have the right to criticize, express dissatisfaction, invite to do good, and advise the Government and public entities regarding their performance. The Government shall be required to promote and develop the culture of accepting criticism, tolerance and compromise.

Article 29

The Government will protect the freedom, independence, plurality, and diversity of the media within the framework of the law. No authority has the right to put pressure on the press and other media to publish or refrain from publishing information or matters, in contravention of legal principles, or embark on censorship or control of publications or other media.


Article 25: Article 23 of the Constitution; Law on Respect for the Legitimate Freedoms and the Preservation of Citizens’ Rights (2004). 

Article 26: Articles 2.3, 24 and 175 of the Constitution; Law of the Press Law (1985, and its subsequent amendments).

Article 27: Articles 3.4, 24 and 175 of the Constitution; Law on Objectives and Duties of the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance (1986).

Article 28: Article 8 of the Constitution; article 8 of the Law on the Promoters of Virtue and Preventers of Vice Protection (2014); article 3 of the Law of the Press (1985, and its subsequent amendments); Cultural Policies regarding the Press in the Islamic Republic of Iran (2001, by the Supreme Council of Cultural Revolution).

Article 29: Articles 3.2 and 9 of the Constitution; article 3 of the Law on Publication of and Free Access to Information (2009); article 4 of the Law of the Press (1985, and its subsequent amendments).