Citizens’ Rights

Citizens’ Rights

I. Right to Life, Health and Quality of Life


Article 1

Citizens have the right to life. No one may be deprived of this right save pursuant to the law.

Article 2

Citizens have the right to enjoy a decent life and necessities thereof, such as clean water, adequate food, promotion of health, environment, appropriate medical treatment, access to medicines, and medical, medicinal and health equipment, supplies and services in compliance with current standards of science and national standards, and safe and sustainable environmental conditions.

Article 3

Women have the right to enjoy suitable health and treatment plans and facilities and appropriate training and counseling to provide for their physical and psychological health in their individual, family and social life and in different stages of life, particularly during pregnancy, childbirth and in post-delivery time, also when suffering from illness, poverty or disability.

Article 4

Children specifically and irrespective of their gender have the right to be protected against discrimination, harassment and exploitation, and to be provided appropriate social protection in the areas of health and prevention of mental, psychological and physical diseases, as well as medical and treatment services.

Article 5

The disabled persons and the older persons have the right to be provided with treatment and rehabilitation facilities for cure and/or re-enablement to have an independent life and to enjoy participating in various aspects of life. 

Article 6

Citizens have the right to enjoy an environment favorable to fostering ethical and religious virtues and spiritual elevation. The Government will employ all of its powers to bring about the requisites for the enjoyment of this right, and to combat moral shortcomings such as dishonesty, hypocrisy, blandishment, intolerance, indifference, hatred, distrust, radicalism and dissemblance.

References

Article 1: Articles 22, 36 and 37 of the Constitution; Code of Criminal Procedure (2013); Islamic Penal Code (2013); Law on Respecting Legitimate Freedoms and Protecting Citizens’ Rights (2004). 

Article 2: Articles 3.12, 29, 43.2 and 50 of the Constitution; Perspective Document of Islamic Republic of Iran; Law on Organizations and Duties of the Ministry of Health, Treatment and Medical Education (1988); Law on the Comprehensive Welfare and Social Security Organizational Structure (1993); para 7 of the General Policies of the Resistance Economy (2013).

Article 3: Articles 10 and 21 of the Constitution; Charter of Women’s Rights and Responsibilities in the Islamic Republic of Iran (2004, by the Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution); Women’s Health Promotion Policies and Approaches (2007, by the Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution).

Article 4: Articles 21 of the Constitution; Law on Children and the Youth Support (2002); Law on Protection of Children without Guardians or with Irresponsible Guardians (2013); Act on Accession of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the Convention on the Rights of the Child (1973).

Article 5: Act on Accession of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (2008); Comprehensive Act for Protection of Rights of Disabled Persons (2004).

Article 6: Articles 3.1, 21.1, 23, and 156 of the Constitution, paras 21 and 44 of the National Actions, paras 17 and 19 of the National Strategies of the Cultural Engineering Map (2012, by the Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution); Law on the Objectives and Duties of the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance (1986); para 1 of the General Policies for Creating Evolution in the State Education System (2013); para 1 of the General Policies of the Administrative System (2010).