Absolute sovereignty over the world and the human being belongs to God. And it is He who has made human beings sovereign over their social destiny. No one can take this divine right away from human beings or apply it to the interests of a certain person or group. The Iranian nation exercises this right through the articles of its Constitution, where, pursuant to Articles 113 and 121, the responsibility for implementing and guarding the Constitution is vested in the President. The President, who has sworn to God on the Holy Quran before the Iranian nation to support righteousness and justice, and to protect freedom, human dignity and rights of the people as enshrined in the Constitution, declares this Charter on Citizens’ Rights as the Government’s plan and policy for observance and advancement of fundamental rights of the Iranian nation.
This Charter is drawn up with the objective of realizing and promoting citizens’ rights as the “Plan and Policy” of the Government, the subject matter of Article 134 of the Constitution. It encompasses a set of citizens’ rights that are either already recognized in the Iranian legal system or that the Government will exert stringent and pervasive efforts for their recognition, creation, realization and enforcement by amending and developing the legal system and by preparing and pursuing enactment by the legislature of bills to be submitted by the Government in this respect, or by taking any other measure or legal action required. Attainment of this objective will require cooperation of other government branches and entities and participation of the people, organizations, trade unions, non-governmental organizations and the private sector.
The provisions of this Charter shall be read, construed and put into force as a whole and in the framework of the existing legal system, and shall not undermine the rights of Iranian citizens and rights of foreign nationals otherwise recognized in the laws and/or by international obligations undertaken by the State.